A Quantum-Classical Collaborative Training Architecture Based on Quantum State Fidelity

Recent advancements have highlighted the limitations of current quantum systems, particularly the restricted number of qubits available on near-term quantum devices. This constraint greatly inhibits the range of applications that can leverage quantum computers. Moreover, as the available qubits increase, the computational complexity grows exponentially, posing additional challenges. Consequently, there is an urgent need to […]

Optimal Partitioning of Quantum Circuits Using Gate Cuts and Wire Cuts

A limited number of qubits, high error rates, and limited qubit connectivity are major challenges for effective near-term quantum computations. Quantum circuit partitioning divides a quantum computation into classical postprocessing steps and a set of smaller scale quantum computations that individually require fewer qubits, lower qubit connectivity, and typically incur less error. However, as partitioning […]

Quantum Vulnerability Analysis to Guide Robust Quantum Computing System Design

While quantum computers provide exciting opportunities for information processing, they currently suffer from noise during computation that is not fully understood. Incomplete noise models have led to discrepancies between quantum program success rate (SR) estimates and actual machine outcomes. For example, the estimated probability of success (ESP) is the state-of-the-art metric used to gauge quantum […]

Exploiting the Quantum Advantage for Satellite Image Processing: Review and Assessment

This article examines the current status of quantum computing (QC) in Earth observation and satellite imagery. We analyze the potential limitations and applications of quantum learning models when dealing with satellite data, considering the persistent challenges of profiting from quantum advantage and finding the optimal sharing between high-performance computing (HPC) and QC. We then assess […]

Backtesting Quantum Computing Algorithms for Portfolio Optimization

In portfolio theory, the investment portfolio optimization problem is one of those problems whose complexity grows exponentially with the number of assets. By backtesting classical and quantum computing algorithms, we can get a sense of how these algorithms might perform in the real world. This work establishes a methodology for backtesting classical and quantum algorithms […]

Quantum Computation via Multiport Discretized Quantum Fourier Optical Processors

The light’s image is the primary source of information carrier in nature. Indeed, a single photon’s image possesses a vast information capacity that can be harnessed for quantum information processing. Our scheme for implementing quantum information processing on a discretized photon wavefront via universal multiport processors employs a class of quantum Fourier optical systems composed […]

Quantum Approximate Bayesian Optimization Algorithms With Two Mixers and Uncertainty Quantification

The searching efficiency of the quantum approximate optimization algorithm is dependent on both the classical and quantum sides of the algorithm. Recently, a quantum approximate Bayesian optimization algorithm (QABOA) that includes two mixers was developed, where surrogate-based Bayesian optimization is applied to improve the sampling efficiency of the classical optimizer. A continuous-time quantum walk mixer […]

Emulation of Quantum Algorithms Using CMOS Analog Circuits

Quantum computers are regarded as the future of computing, as they are believed to be capable of solving extremely complex problems that are intractable on conventional digital computers. However, near-term quantum computers are prone to a plethora of noise sources that are difficult to mitigate, possibly limiting their scalability and precluding us from running any […]

Hybrid Quantum–Classical Generative Adversarial Network for High-Resolution Image Generation

Quantum machine learning (QML) has received increasing attention due to its potential to outperform classical machine learning methods in problems, such as classification and identification tasks. A subclass of QML methods is quantum generative adversarial networks (QGANs), which have been studied as a quantum counterpart of classical GANs widely used in image manipulation and generation […]

Approaching Collateral Optimization for NISQ and Quantum-Inspired Computing (May 2023)

Collateral optimization refers to the systematic allocation of financial assets to satisfy obligations or secure transactions while simultaneously minimizing costs and optimizing the usage of available resources. This involves assessing the number of characteristics, such as the cost of funding and quality of the underlying assets to ascertain the optimal collateral quantity to be posted […]