Peer-reviewed, gold open-access, no page limit, all-electronic, published continuously.

Article Processing Charge (APC): US$1,995 – effective 1 January 2024


IEEE Members receive a 5% discount.

IEEE Society Members receive a 20% discount.

These discounts cannot be combined.

2022 APC pricing is based upon articles submitted in 2022. Articles submitted in 2021 will maintain the 2021 APC pricing when billed.

In addition, corresponding authors from low-income countries (as classified by the World Bank) are eligible for a 100% waiver of the APC. Corresponding authors from lower-middle-income countries are eligible for a 50% discount on the APC.

Submission Process


IEEE Author Portal

Author gateway for final files

Published articles