Josephson Microwave Sources Applied to Quantum Information Systems

Quantum computers with thousands or millions of qubits will require a scalable solution for qubit control and readout electronics. Colocating these electronics at millikelvin temperatures has been proposed and demonstrated, but there exist significant challenges with power dissipation, reproducibility, fidelity, and scalability. In this article, we experimentally demonstrate the use of a Josephson arbitrary waveform […]

O(N^3) Measurement Cost for Variational Quantum Eigensolver on Molecular Hamiltonians

Variational quantum eigensolver (VQE) is a promising algorithm for near-term quantum machines. It can be used to estimate the ground state energy of a molecule by performing separate measurements of O(N 4 ) terms. This quartic scaling appears to be a significant obstacle to practical applications. However, we note that it empirically reduces to O(N 3 ) when we […]

Coding Analog of Superadditivity Using Entanglement-Assisted Quantum Tensor Product Codes Over Fpk

We provide a procedure to construct entanglement-assisted Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) codes over qudits from the parity check matrices of two classical codes over F q , where q = p k , p is prime, and k is a positive integer. The construction procedure involves the proposed Euclidean Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization algorithm, followed by a procedure to extend the quantum operators […]

Enhancing a Near-Term Quantum Accelerator’s Instruction Set Architecture for Materials Science Applications

Quantum computers with tens to hundreds of noisy qubits are being developed today. To be useful for real-world applications, we believe that these near-term systems cannot simply be scaled-down non-error-corrected versions of future fault-tolerant large-scale quantum computers. These near-term systems require specific architecture and design attributes to realize their full potential. To efficiently execute an […]

Enhancing a Near-Term Quantum Accelerator’s Instruction Set Architecture for Materials Science Applications

Quantum computers with tens to hundreds of noisy qubits are being developed today. To be useful for real-world applications, we believe that these near-term systems cannot simply be scaled-down non-error-corrected versions of future fault-tolerant large-scale quantum computers. These near-term systems require specific architecture and design attributes to realize their full potential. To efficiently execute an […]

Decoding Quantum Error Correction Codes With Local Variation

In this article, we investigate the role of local information in the decoding of the repetition and surface error correction codes for the protection of quantum states. Our key result is an improvement in resource efficiency when local information is taken into account during the decoding process: the code distance associated with a given logical […]

Fault-Tolerant Resource Estimation of Quantum Random-Access Memories

Abstract: Quantum random-access lookup of a string of classical bits is a necessary ingredient in several important quantum algorithms. In some cases, the cost of such quantum random-access memory (qRAM) is the limiting factor in the implementation of the algorithm. In this article, we study the cost of fault-tolerantly implementing a qRAM. We construct and […]