Extensible Gauge-Invariant FDM With Spin–Orbit Coupling for Quantum Devices

We present a novel derivation and implementation of the finite-difference method (FDM) that is gauge invariant and incorporates spin–orbit coupling for the study of quantum systems. This version of FDM is meant to assist in the design and simulation of quantum devices that utilize multiple internal degrees of freedom (e.g., spin) by providing a way […]