Quantum Volume in Practice: What Users Can Expect From NISQ Devices

Quantum volume (QV) has become the de-facto standard benchmark to quantify the capability of noisy intermediate-scale quantum (NISQ) devices. While QV values are often reported by NISQ providers for their systems, we perform our own series of QV calculations on 24 NISQ devices currently offered by IBM Q, IonQ, Rigetti, Oxford Quantum Circuits, and Quantinuum […]

Hybrid Classical-Quantum Optimization Techniques for Solving Mixed-Integer Programming Problems in Production Scheduling

Quantum computing (QC) holds great promise to open up a new era of computing and has been receiving significant attention recently. To overcome the performance limitations of near-term QC, utilizing the current quantum computers to complement classical techniques for solving real-world problems is of utmost importance. In this article, we develop QC-based solution strategies that […]

Deep Space Network Scheduling Using Quantum Annealing

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Deep Space Network (DSN) is responsible for communication and navigation for several NASA and international missions. The DSN comprises three complexes located in Goldstone (California, USA), Cambera (Australia), and Madrid (Spain). This distribution in longitude guarantees a full sky coverage. Each complex has one 70-m and several 34-m […]

Effects of Dynamical Decoupling and Pulse-Level Optimizations on IBM Quantum Computers

Currently available quantum computers are prone to errors. Circuit optimization and error mitigation methods are needed to design quantum circuits to achieve better fidelity when executed on NISQ hardware. Dynamical decoupling (DD) is generally used to suppress the decoherence error, and different DD strategies have been proposed. Moreover, the circuit fidelity can be improved by […]

Mode-Manipulated Multimode Cavity for Quantum Memory

In this article, a quasi-elliptical geometry and the iris technique are applied to a multimode cavity to manipulate the resonant mode in the desired direction for quantum memories. By applying quasi-elliptical geometry, the characteristics of monotonically increasing, equally spaced, and monotonically decreasing frequency intervals between the modes are realized. To manipulate a certain mode, an […]

The Optimization and Application of 3-Bit Hermitian Gates and Multiple Control Toffoli Gates

The well-known 3-bit Hermitian gate (a Toffoli gate) has been implemented using Clifford+T circuits. Compared with the Peres gate, its implementation circuit requires more controlled- not (cnot) gates. However, the Peres gate is not Hermitian. This article reports four 3-bit Hermitian gates named LI gates, whose realized circuits have the same T-count, T-depth, and cnot […]

DQRA: Deep Quantum Routing Agent for Entanglement Routing in Quantum Networks

Quantum routing plays a key role in the development of the next-generation network system. In particular, an entangled routing path can be constructed with the help of quantum entanglement and swapping among particles (e.g., photons) associated with nodes in the network. From another side of computing, machine learning has achieved numerous breakthrough successes in various […]

Efficient Quantum Network Communication Using Optimized Entanglement Swapping Trees

Quantum network communication is challenging, as the no-cloning theorem in the quantum regime makes many classical techniques inapplicable; in particular, the direct transmission of qubit states over long distances is infeasible due to unrecoverable errors. For the long-distance communication of unknown quantum states, the only viable communication approach (assuming local operations and classical communications) is […]

A Connection-Oriented Entanglement Distribution Design in Quantum Networks

Quantum networks create a completely new way for communication, and the most important function of a quantum network is to generate long-distance quantum entanglement to serve a number of quantum applications. As the scale of the network expands, in order to establish end-to-end entanglement between two remote nodes, entangled pairs need to be generated and […]

Model-Predictive Quantum Control via Hamiltonian Learning

This article proposes an end-to-end framework for the learning-enabled control of closed quantum systems. The proposed learning technique is the first of its kind to utilize a hierarchical design, which layers probing control, quantum state tomography, quantum process tomography, and Hamiltonian learning to identify both the internal and control Hamiltonians. Within this context, a novel […]