An Engineer’s Brief Introduction to Microwave Quantum Optics and a Single-Port State-Space Representation

Classical microwave circuit theory is incapable of representing some phenomena at the quantum level. To include quantum statistical effects, various theoretical treatments can be employed. Quantum input-output network (QION) theory is one such treatment. Another formalism, called SLH theory, incorporates scattering matrices ( S ), coupling vectors ( L ), and system Hamiltonians ( H […]

Josephson Microwave Sources Applied to Quantum Information Systems

Quantum computers with thousands or millions of qubits will require a scalable solution for qubit control and readout electronics. Colocating these electronics at millikelvin temperatures has been proposed and demonstrated, but there exist significant challenges with power dissipation, reproducibility, fidelity, and scalability. In this article, we experimentally demonstrate the use of a Josephson arbitrary waveform […]