Quantum Computing for Finance: State-of-the-Art and Future Prospects

This article outlines our point of view regarding the applicability, state-of-the-art, and potential of quantum computing for problems in finance. We provide an introduction to quantum computing as well as a survey on problem classes in finance that are computationally challenging classically and for which quantum computing algorithms are promising. In the main part, we […]

Entanglement Distribution in a Quantum Network: A Multicommodity Flow-Based Approach

We consider the problem of optimizing the achievable EPR-pair distribution rate between multiple source-destination pairs in a quantum Internet, where the repeaters may perform a probabilistic Bell-state measurement and we may impose a minimum end-to-end fidelity as a requirement. We construct an efficient linear programming (LP) formulation that computes the maximum total achievable entanglement distribution […]

Coding Analog of Superadditivity Using Entanglement-Assisted Quantum Tensor Product Codes Over Fpk

We provide a procedure to construct entanglement-assisted Calderbank-Shor-Steane (CSS) codes over qudits from the parity check matrices of two classical codes over F q , where q = p k , p is prime, and k is a positive integer. The construction procedure involves the proposed Euclidean Gram-Schmidt orthogonalization algorithm, followed by a procedure to extend the quantum operators […]

A Hardware-Aware Heuristic for the Qubit Mapping Problem in the NISQ Era

Due to several physical limitations in the realization of quantum hardware, today’s quantum computers are qualified as noisy intermediate-scale quantum (NISQ) hardware. NISQ hardware is characterized by a small number of qubits (50 to a few hundred) and noisy operations. Moreover, current realizations of superconducting quantum chips do not have the ideal all-to-all connectivity between […]

Logical Clifford Synthesis for Stabilizer Codes

Quantum error-correcting codes are used to protect qubits involved in quantum computation. This process requires logical operators to be translated into physical operators acting on physical quantum states. In this article, we propose a mathematical framework for synthesizing physical circuits that implement logical Clifford operators for stabilizer codes. Circuit synthesis is enabled by representing the […]

Experimental Characterization, Modeling, and Analysis of Crosstalk in a Quantum Computer

In this article, we present the experimental characterization of crosstalk in quantum information processor using idle tomography and simultaneous randomized benchmarking. We quantify both “quantum” and “classical” crosstalk in the device and analyze quantum circuits considering crosstalk. We show that simulation considering only gate-error deviates from experimental results up to 27%, whereas simulation considering both […]

Solving the Network Shortest Path Problem on a Quantum Annealer

This article addresses the formulation for implementing a single source, single-destination shortest path algorithm on a quantum annealing computer. Three distinct approaches are presented. In all the three cases, the shortest path problem is formulated as a quadratic unconstrained binary optimization problem amenable to quantum annealing. The first implementation builds on existing quantum annealing solutions […]

Programmable Quantum Networked Microgrids

Quantum key distribution (QKD) provides a potent solution to securely distribute keys for two parties. However, QKD itself is vulnerable to denial of service (DoS) attacks. A flexible and resilient QKD-enabled networked microgrids (NMs) architecture is needed but does not yet exist. In this article, we present a programmable quantum NMs (PQNMs) architecture. It is […]

High-Dimensional Semiquantum Cryptography

A semiquantum key distribution (SQKD) protocol allows two users, one of whom is restricted in their quantum capabilities to being nearly classical, to establish a shared secret key, secure against an all-powerful adversary. The study of such protocols helps to answer the fundamental question of “how quantum” must a protocol be to gain an advantage […]

Subdivided Phase Oracle for NISQ Search Algorithms

Because noisy intermediate-scale quantum (NISQ) machines accumulate errors quickly, we need new approaches to designing NISQ-aware algorithms and assessing their performance. Algorithms with characteristics that appear less desirable under ideal circumstances, such as lower success probability, may in fact outperform their ideal counterparts on existing hardware. We propose an adaptation of Grover’s algorithm, subdividing the […]