Machine-Learning-Based Qubit Allocation for Error Reduction in Quantum Circuits

Quantum computing is a quickly growing field with great potential for future technology. Quantum computers in the current noisy intermediate-scale quantum (NISQ) era face two major limitations:1) qubit count and 2) error vulnerability. Although quantum error correction methods exist, they are not applicable to the current size of computers, requiring thousands of qubits, while current […]

Cryogenic Embedded System to Support Quantum Computing: From 5-nm FinFET to Full Processor

Quantum computing can enable novel algorithms infeasible for classical computers. For example, new material synthesis and drug optimization could benefit if quantum computers offered more quantum bits (qubits). One obstacle for scaling up quantum computers is the connection between their cryogenic qubits at temperatures between a few millikelvin and a few kelvin (depending on qubit […]

Enabling Efficient Real-Time Calibration on Cloud Quantum Machines

Noisy intermediate-scale quantum computers are widely used for quantum computing (QC) from quantum cloud providers. Among them, superconducting quantum computers, with their high scalability and mature processing technology based on traditional silicon-based chips, have become the preferred solution for most commercial companies and research institutions to develop QC. However, superconducting quantum computers suffer from fluctuation […]

Prediction of Solar Irradiance One Hour Ahead Based on Quantum Long Short-Term Memory Network

The short-term forecasting of photovoltaic (PV) power generation ensures the scheduling and dispatching of electrical power, helps design a PV-integrated energy management system, and enhances the security of grid operation. However, due to the randomness of solar energy, the output of the PV system will fluctuate, which will affect the safe operation of the grid. […]

Quantum Topology Optimization via Quantum Annealing

We present a quantum annealing-based solution method for topology optimization (TO). In particular, we consider TO in a more general setting, i.e., applied to structures of continuum domains where designs are represented as distributed functions, referred to as continuum TO problems. According to the problem’s properties and structure, we formulate appropriate subproblems that can be […]

Hardness of Braided Quantum Circuit Optimization in the Surface Code

Large-scale quantum information processing requires the use of quantum error-correcting codes to mitigate the effects of noise in quantum devices. Topological error-correcting codes, such as surface codes, are promising candidates, as they can be implemented using only local interactions in a 2-D array of physical qubits. Procedures, such as defect braiding and lattice surgery, can […]

Teaching Quantum Computing to High-School-Aged Youth: A Hands-On Approach

Quantum computing is aninterdisciplinary field that lies at the intersection of mathematics, quantum physics, and computer science, and finds applications in areas including optimization, machine learning, and simulation of chemical, physical, and biological systems. It has the potential to help solve problems that so far have no satisfying method solving them, and to provide significant […]

Pricing Multi-Asset Derivatives by Finite-Difference Method on a Quantum Computer

Following the recent great advance of quantum computing technology, there are growing interests in its applications to industries, including finance. In this article, we focus on derivative pricing based on solving the Black–Scholes partial differential equation by the finite-difference method (FDM), which is a suitable approach for some types of derivatives but suffers from the […]

Hash Function Based on Controlled Alternate Quantum Walks With Memory (September 2021)

We propose a Quantum inspired Hash Function using controlled alternate quantum walks with Memory on cycles (QHFM), where the j th message bit decides whether to run quantum walk with one-step memory or to run quantum walk with two-step memory at the j th time step, and the hash value is calculated from the resulting probability distribution of the […]

Quantum Radon Transforms and Their Applications

This article extends the Radon transform, a classical image-processing tool for fast tomography and denoising, to the quantum computing platform. A new kind of periodic discrete Radon transform (PDRT), called the quantum periodic discrete Radon transform (QPRT), is proposed. The quantum implementation of QPRT based on the amplitude encoding method is exponentially faster than the […]