Quantum Algorithms for Mixed Binary Optimization Applied to Transaction Settlement

In this article, we extend variational quantum optimization algorithms for quadratic unconstrained binary optimization problems to the class of mixed binary optimization problems. This allows us to combine binary decision variables with continuous decision variables, which, for instance, enables the modeling of inequality constraints via slack variables. We propose two heuristics and introduce the transaction […]

Distributed Quantum Computing and Network Control for Accelerated VQE

Interconnecting small quantum computers will be essential in the future for creating large-scale, robust quantum computers. Methods for distributing monolithic quantum algorithms efficiently are, thus, needed. In this article, we consider an approach for distributing the accelerated variational quantum eigensolver algorithm over arbitrary sized—in terms of number of qubits—distributed quantum computers. We consider approaches for […]

On the Stochastic Analysis of a Quantum Entanglement Distribution Switch

In this article, we study a quantum entanglement distribution switch that serves k users in a star topology. We model variants of the system as continuous-time Markov chains and obtain expressions for switch capacity, expected number of qubits stored in memory at the switch, and the quantum memory occupancy distribution. We obtain a number of analytic results […]

Quantum Engineering With Hybrid Magnonic Systems and Materials (Invited Paper)

Quantum technology has made tremendous strides over the past two decades with remarkable advances in materials engineering, circuit design, and dynamic operation. In particular, the integration of different quantum modules has benefited from hybrid quantum systems, which provide an important pathway for harnessing different natural advantages of complementary quantum systems and for engineering new functionalities. […]

Compiler Design for Distributed Quantum Computing

In distributed quantum computing architectures, with the network and communications functionalities provided by the Quantum Internet, remote quantum processing units can communicate and cooperate for executing computational tasks that single, noisy, intermediate-scale quantum devices cannot handle by themselves. To this aim, distributed quantum computing requires a new generation of quantum compilers, for mapping any quantum […]

Formulating and Solving Routing Problems on Quantum Computers

The determination of vehicle routes fulfilling connectivity, time, and operational constraints is a well-studied combinatorial optimization problem. The NP-hard complexity of vehicle routing problems has fostered the adoption of tailored exact approaches, matheuristics, and metaheuristics on classical computing devices. The ongoing evolution of quantum computing hardware and the recent advances of quantum algorithms (i.e., VQE, […]

Finding Small and Large k-Clique Instances on a Quantum Computer

Algorithms for triangle finding, the smallest nontrivial instance of the k -clique problem, have been proposed for quantum computers. Still, those algorithms assume the use of fixed access time quantum RAM. In this article, we present a practical gate-based approach to both the triangle-finding problem and its NP-hard k -clique generalization. We examine both constant factors for near-term implementation […]

Preparing Dicke States on a Quantum Computer

Exact requirement of controlled NOT (CNOT) and single-qubit gates to implement a quantum algorithm in a given architecture is one of the central problems in this computational paradigm. In this article, we take a tutorial approach in explaining the preparation of Dicke states (|D k n 〉) using concise realizations of partially defined unitary transformations. We show how […]

Quantum Approximate Optimization With Parallelizable Gates

The quantum approximate optimization algorithm (QAOA) has been introduced as a heuristic digital quantum computing scheme to find approximate solutions of combinatorial optimization problems. We present a scheme to parallelize this approach for arbitrary all-to-all connected problem graphs in a layout of quantum bits (qubits) with nearest-neighbor interactions. The protocol consists of single qubit operations […]

Multiblock ADMM Heuristics for Mixed-Binary Optimization on Classical and Quantum Computers

Solving combinatorial optimization problems on current noisy quantum devices is currently being advocated for (and restricted to) binary polynomial optimization with equality constraints via quantum heuristic approaches. This is achieved using, for example, the variational quantum eigensolver (VQE) and the quantum approximate optimization algorithm (QAOA). In this article, we present a decomposition-based approach to extend […]