In developing the global quantum Internet, quantum communication with low-earth-orbit satellites will play a pivotal role. Such communication will need to be two way: effective not only in the satellite-to-ground (downlink) channel but also in the ground-to-satellite channel (uplink). Given that losses on this latter channel are significantly larger relative to the former, techniques that can exploit the superior downlink to enhance quantum communication in the uplink should be explored. In this article, we do just that—exploring how continuous-variable entanglement in the form of two-mode-squeezed vacuum (TMSV) states can be used to significantly enhance the fidelity of ground-to-satellite quantum-state transfer relative to direct uplink-transfer. More specifically, through detailed phase-screen simulations of beam evolution through turbulent atmospheres in both the downlink and uplink channels, we demonstrate how a TMSV teleportation channel, created by the satellite, can be used to dramatically improve the fidelity of uplink coherent-state transfer relative to direct transfer. We then show how this, in turn, leads to the uplink-transmission of a higher alphabet of coherent states. Additionally, we show how non-Gaussian operations, acting on the received component of the TMSV state at the ground station, can lead to further enhancement of the fidelity. Since TMSV states can readily be produced in situ on a satellite platform and form a reliable teleportation channel for most quantum states, our work suggests that future satellites forming part of the emerging quantum Internet should be designed with uplink-communication via quantum teleportation in mind.
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